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AI software is figuring out how to best humans at designing new AI software

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Who programs the programmers? Soon enough, it might not be people behind the development of advanced machine learning and artificial intelligence tech, but other AI. MIT looks at the most recent work done by a range of different organizations, including Google Brain, who are working on AI that can develop machine learning software – and finds that in many cases, the results that come from machines coding other machines match or even exceed equivalent work done by humans.

Does that mean even machine learning programmers are facing employment extinction? Not exactly, and not yet – efforts to create machine learning programs that best their human-designed equivalent require a lot of computing firepower thrown at the problem; Google Brain’s person-besting experiment in building image recognition systems via AI development used 800 ugh-powered graphics processors working together, which is a costly endeavor to be sure.

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AI software is figuring out how to best humans at designing new AI software

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First Israeli research nanosatellite launches from India

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Israel successfully launched into space Wednesday a new nanosatellite, the first for Israeli academia, that will conduct scientific missions for Ben Gurion University of the Negev.

BGUSAT is the result of a five-year joint project between BGU, Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. (IAI) and Israel’s Ministry of Science, Technology and Space.

The satellite, 10x10x30 centimeters (4x4x12 inches) — a little larger than a milk carton — and weighing just five kilograms (11 lbs), is outfitted with innovative cameras that can photograph a large array of weather phenomena and a guidance system that allows operators to choose the areas to research through a dedicated ground station at BGU. Researchers will be able to position the satellite to take a variety of pictures from different angles.

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Installing the satellite dish that will receive the data transmitted from BGUSAT and send it to the ground station at Ben-Gurion University's Earth and Planetary Image Facility, March 2016. (Dani Machlis/BGU)

Installing the satellite dish that will receive the data transmitted from BGUSAT and send it to the ground station at Ben-Gurion University’s Earth and Planetary Image Facility, March 2016. (Dani Machlis/BGU)

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http://www.timesofisrael.com/first-israeli-research-nanosatellite-launches-from-india/

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Frog spit is one of the stickiest things you can find

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New research showed that frog saliva is tailor-made to catch bugs. It’s sticky and perfectly designed to keep frog prey on its tongue and it could lead to creating better adhesives.

Frogs snatch prey out of the air at incredible speeds, hanging on to them with only their tongues. Researchers have been wondering for quite a while how the frog manages to do that without losing hold of the bugs and now they’ve found the answer: it’s a combination of unique reversible saliva in combination with a super soft tongue.

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Frog attack captured using high-speed photography. Image credits: Alexis Noel et al, 2017.

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http://www.zmescience.com/science/biology/frog-saliva-sticky-01022017/

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Dragonfish’s flexible head joint an “evolutionary novelty”

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(GMA News Online)-Scientists have discovered a unique adaptation of the barbeled dragonfish: a functional, flexible head joint, the first and only example of its kind known to exist among fishes.

The joint connects the skull and vertebral column and allows the fish a much larger degree of maneuverability to ingest prey—as much as 120 degrees. That expanse allows the barbeled dragonfish to wholly ingest fish that are nearly identical in size.

The discovery was made after scientists studied specimens from the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and five other natural history collections around the world. Their findings were published in the journal PLOS ONE on Wednesday (February 01).

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forjamesdragonfishflexiblehead1On left Dragonfish’s flexible head joint

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http://www.msn.com/en-us/video/wonder/dragonfishs-flexible-head-joint-an-evolutionary-novelty/vi-AAmwoFx?ocid=spartandhp

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First ever blueprint unveiled to construct a large scale quantum computer

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An international team, led by a scientist from the University of Sussex, have today unveiled the first practical blueprint for how to build a quantum computer, the most powerful computer on Earth.

This huge leap forward towards creating a universal quantum computer is published today (1 February 2017) in the influential journal Science Advances (1). It has long been known that such a computer would revolutionise industry, science and commerce on a similar scale as the invention of ordinary computers. But this new work features the actual industrial blueprint to construct such a large-scale machine, more powerful in solving certain problems than any computer ever constructed before.

Once built, the computer’s capabilities mean it would have the potential to answer many questions in science; create new, lifesaving medicines; solve the most mind-boggling scientific problems; unravel the yet unknown mysteries of the furthest reaches of deepest space; and solve some problems that an ordinary computer would take billions of years to compute.

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First ever blueprint unveiled to construct a large scale quantum computerPrototype of the core of a trapped ion quantum computer. Credit: Ion Quantum Technology Group, University of Sussex.

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https://phys.org/news/2017-02-blueprint-unveiled-large-scale-quantum.html

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Newly discovered breathing molecule vital to treating respiratory conditions

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Respiratory conditions could be better targeted and treated, thanks to the discovery of the vital molecule which regulates breathing – according to research by the University of Warwick.

Professor Nicholas Dale at the School of Life Sciences has exploited evolutionary principles to identify Connexin26 (Cx26) as a key molecule that reacts to CO2 in our bodies and activates breathing.

Cx26 molecules detect levels of CO2 in the blood-stream, and when levels reach a certain point, they tell our bodies to excrete the CO2 and take in oxygen – the vital life-preserving process that allows us to breathe, and creates blood flow to the brain.

Without this essential molecular function, harmful levels of CO2 would remain in the bloodstream, making breathing difficult or impossible.

Mutations in Cx26 are directly connected to a number of serious conditions – ranging from congenital deafness, to respiratory conditions, and serious syndromes that affect skin, vision and hearing. As Cx26 is vital to breathing well, people carrying these mutations may be at risk of sleep apnoea.

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forjamesbreathingmolecule1Credit: University of Warwick

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Click link below for article:

https://phys.org/news/2017-02-newly-molecule-vital-respiratory-conditions.html

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Science & Food Aid – It’s in the Bag

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In its international development efforts, the US sends more than a billion dollars’ worth of food assistance across the world. America’s food aid shipments sometimes spoil, resulting in food going to waste where it could be most needed. A group of researchers at MIT may have found a way to save over $10 million while feeding thousands of the world’s poorest people.

Shipping agricultural commodities like grains and legumes to the developing world raises considerable challenges for the nation’s food assistance programs. Procurement officials need to know when to ship, where, and when the food is expected to arrive. After all, food can—and all too often does—spoil.  

The researchers from MIT’s Comprehensive Initiative on Technology Evaluation have found that much of the loss is potentially preventable. Now, they have embarked on a pilot project to improve the way America aids the world.

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Science & Food Aid – It’s in the Bag

Image Credit: Lynne Sladky/AP

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Click link below for article:

https://mic.com/articles/166821/science-and-food-aid-its-in-the-bag#.Z6xrUFxhk

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